Department of Physics FMIPA-UI
Department of Physics FMIPA (Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences) Universitas Indonesia has a long history and tradition in the world of education and research since its establishment more than 50 years ago through the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 108.094 on December 21st, 1960. Since then, the Department of Physics has remained determined to provide high-quality education and research in the field of physics and its application through five specializations or areas of interest, namely
- Theoretical Nuclear and Particles Physics
- Materials Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Instrumentation Physics
- Medical Physics & Biophysics
Now, the Department of Physics FMIPA-UI at the age of just past half a century is still actively participating in developing the Republic of Indonesia through the development of human resources.
Looking back over 50 years ago, the Department of Physics can actually grow thanks to the encouragement of various parties both state and private sectors not only in the form of spirit but also material. Recorded in the development history of this Department, it is undeniable that the acceleration of the development of the Department of Physics was actually triggered by the special program of the National Nuclear Energy Agency, BATAN (formerly National Atomic Energy Agency) in the 1970s, when it was preparing the Radiation Protection and Instrumentation Nuclear specialization at bachelor level. The program successfully produced around 200 graduates, who were subsequently employed by BATAN and several Government Institutions such as LIPI, LAPAN etc. A similar collaboration was also signed in conjunction with the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency for upgrading the bachelor-qualified graduates in 1982. Many graduates from these programs were active in both state institutions and it is understandable why the emotional relationship between the Departments of Physics and the two state institutions is very close. Until now the Department of Physics is still consistent with its identity as a Department under the auspices of the University of Indonesia to fulfill the essence of Tridharma Perguruan Tinggi by conducting education and high quality research, as well as public outreach in the form of donating its competence.
The five specializations mentioned above, despite having different specific objectives, still have the same basic curriculum standards that are still referring to the national curriculum for Physics graduates that have been established by the Directorate of Higher Education in 1995. Therefore, the graduate qualifications of the Physics Department are not distinguished in the specializations, except in the deepening of the particular field in accordance with the specialization, namely, all graduates still hold the same degree of Bachelor of Physics.
In line with the dynamics developed in the world of jobs in the 1980s, when the competition in the private sectors began intensive, the Department of Physics realized the importance of up-to-date educational orientation with the principle of not only compromising the competence, but also focusing on the demands of the job providers. The Physics Department must be able to fulfill both demands, namely the graduates are prepared to fill the government sectors such as research institutions, government agencies (BMG, BATAN, LAPAN etc.) as well as the private sectors such as oil, telecommunication, etc. Therefore, the developed specializations are basically the consequence of the dynamics that is developing outside the University. The five areas of specialization, each has the specific objective, can be summarized as follows:
- Theoretical Nuclear and Particles Physics: Produces graduates who have analytical skills as well as competent in the field of Theoretical Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics as well as able to analyze and predict natural phenomena in this field.
- Condensed Matter Physics: Produces competent physics scholars in modeling and calculating and / or synthesizing, characterizing, and analyzing the electric, magnetic, and optical properties of crystalline, amorphous, or liquid systems.
- Materials Physics: Produces competent graduates in Identification, Modification, and Materials Engineering with reliable practical experience and a strong understanding of basic science concepts.
- Instrumentation Physics: Produces competent graduates in analyzing, duplicating, modifying, developing, designing, innovating and creating prototypes of scientific and industrial electronic instruments.
- Geophysics: produces competent graduates in the Geophysical Exploration (Data Acquisition, Processing, Analysis and Data Interconnection) which is based on strengthening aspects of Basic Concepts of Geosciences, Numerical Computing and Field Direct Applications in Oil and Gas Exploration, Geothermal, Coal and Minerals. Graduates of this specialization have the competence in the field: Geology, Numerical Computing (Matlab, Fortran, etc.), Geoelectric and Electromagnetic Methods, Gravity Methods, Geomagnetic Methods, Seismic Methods, Geophysical Instrumentation, Petroleum Exploration, Geothermal Exploration and Geophysics Mining.
- Medical Physics and Biophysics: Produces professional and competent graduates in the optimization of physics applications in the field of health, among others related to nuclear radiation, X-ray, ultrasonic, magnetic resonance and laser, especially for diagnostic imaging and oncology therapy.
In 1983, the Department of Physics opened the program of master level (Magister) in the specialization of Materials Science. The decision on the implementation of higher education program was issued by the Director General of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education and Culture of Republic of Indonesia with a Decree No: 577/DIKTI/Kep/1993, dated on 25th of September 1993. This program prioritizes the integration of education/teaching and research. The success of the education and research of the students, besides being supported by the well-documented guidance of the Research Center for Materials Science (RCMS), also enabled the creation of well-qualified lecturers and student research works, published in reputed scientific journals and presented at scientific seminars at both national and international levels. Over 400 graduates from this program work across various sectors, including the majority of the private sectors (industry).
Seven years later, or more precisely in 1990, the Physics Department opened the Postgraduate Program (PPs) Physics and began to enroll students in the academic year 1990/1991. This program is also endorsed by the Directorate General of Higher Education Department of Education and Culture based on Decree No. 577 / DIKTI / 1993. Initially, the orientation of PPs was to provide a fundamental physics education aimed at producing graduates who can lecture at the university level and reliable physics researchers. Later, it was felt that it is necessary to also open some specific programs. Now there are four specializations in Physics UI, namely, the Pure and Applied Physics, Reservoir Geophysics, Instrumentation and Medical Physics. In 1990s there was an increase in the need for trained workers in the industry sector, especially the electronic and instrumentation industry. In 1990 Department of Physics opened a three-years Diploma program which was confirmed by the issuance of the Decree of FMIPA UI Dean No.273 / PT02.H4.FMIPA / 1990. At that time the Instrumentation Physics Program was the first and only diploma education offered by the national university, that is involved in the field of instrumentation in Indonesia. We believe that in addition to the instrumentation and electronic skills provided in the experiment activities in various laboratories inside the Department, the students are also equipped with knowledge related to electronics and instrumentation by the professional and experienced faculties. As a result, the Department of Physics has a wide network of cooperation with the world of electronics industry.
The Physics Department did not stop at the point described above, but continue to follow the development in the society. Wit regard to the need of the community for educational services at bachelor level that was increasing, in the year of 2000 the Department of Physics added a new study program, the Physics Extension Course program. Other factors that support the establishment of this study program are human resources that have been available in the Department of Physics FMIPA UI, namely faculties, instructors, laboratory technicians, and administrative staff. The teaching staff, besides having strong basic physics education background, also have experiences in the field of instrumentation they obtained during their education (study and research at master and doctoral level) overseas and domestic. The lack of supporting fund for laboratories, both educational and research laboratories, is another factor that contributes to the idea of founding the two courses mentioned above. The government had already allocated funds for this purpose, but the funds are often inadequate, both for the maintenance of laboratory equipment and the provision of laboratory consumables, let alone for the expansion or procurement of the new equipment. With its reputation in the delivering the education and research along with the community services, The Department of Physics was entrusted to receive the QUE (Quality for Undergraduate Education) project in the 2000-2004 era, which was proved particularly helpful in improving the quality of bachelor education. Now, the Department of Physics has graduated more than 1300 graduates from the regular bachelor course.
Based on the description above, it is clearly understood that the Department of Physics of UI has been able to answer the past and present challenges and is believed to be competent to answer the challenges of the future. The Department of Physics always concerns with the needs of the community and participates fully in the national development.